Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases in which the retinal nerve fibres are damaged leading to progressive optic nerve damage resulting in decreased vision or even blindness. It is an important reason for poor quality of life due to loss of vision resulting in difficulty in near vision, working in dim light and driving. The Glaucoma Clinic at SECI specialises in effective long-term management of Glaucoma and associated complications that are likely to arise with this degenerative disorder. All patients are screened for Glaucoma/possible Glaucoma, as timely intervention is crucial to its effective management.
At the front of the eye, there is a small space called the anterior chamber. Clear fluid flows in and out of the chamber to bathe and nourish nearby tissues. In Glaucoma there is an impairment in the dynamics of this fluid called aqueous humour due to varied causes, some of which are unknown leading to increase in intraocular pressure. Unless this pressure is controlled, it may cause damage to the optic nerve and loss of vision.
Glaucoma can be easily diagnosed with simple and effective tests which can help in quantifying the anatomical as well as functional loss due to the disease. These tests are advised regularly during the follow up visits or when the disease is not under control and help in proper management of the patient. Early in the course of the disease these tests may be needed frequently, however frequency of these tests may reduce, as the disease is under control.
Most types of Glaucoma cause no symptoms. Central vision stays normal until very late in the disease. If Glaucoma remains untreated, people may notice that although they see things clearly in front of them, they miss objects to the side and out of the corner of their eye. It seems as though they are looking through a tunnel. Over time, the remaining central vision may decrease until there is no vision left. Some forms however cause pain, redness, vomiting, decrease in vision and coloured rings around sources of light.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes for loss of vision worldwide. However, this vision loss can be avoided by timely intervention, which is usually very simple in the form of medical treatment. Patients benefit from our state-of-the-art Glaucoma testing capabilities with specially trained Glaucoma specialists who are experts in diagnosing and providing either medical or surgical management for all types of Glaucoma. Although Glaucoma cannot be cured, it can usually be controlled. Early diagnosis and treatment helps in improving the quality of life and this vision can be preserved throughout life. Regular monitoring is an essential part of Glaucoma treatment and every glaucoma patient should visit his doctor regularly as advised.
Glaucoma is one of the leading causes of blindness in India. Although anyone can get Glaucoma, some people are at higher risk. They include:
Childhood glaucoma is relatively rare. Primary congenital glaucoma occurs in the general population at a rate of approximately 1 in 10,000 births.
The most common symptoms of congenital/infantile glaucoma are excessive tearing, light sensitivity and a large, cloudy cornea. Excessive tearing accompanied by mattering/discharge in a child is usually not caused by glaucoma but instead is the result of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction.
Paediatric glaucoma is treated by lowering the intraocular pressure (IOP) via medical and/or surgical means. Most cases of primary paediatric glaucoma are treated with surgery. The treatment of paediatric glaucoma is not simply a matter of lowering IOP. Many children with paediatric glaucoma develop myopia (near sightedness) and require glasses. Also, these children may need the help of low vision aids and visual rehabilitation.
We at Sankara are committed towards not only, spreading awareness about this vision threatening disease but also towards proper care of a patient with Glaucoma.
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