Microbial keratitis is due to the proliferation of microorganisms and associated inflammation and tissue destruction within the corneal tissue. It is a potentially sight-threatening condition and frequently presents as an ocular emergency.
Corneal infections may be caused by:
Corneal infections are an emergency. The symptoms, in general include:
The cornea is first scraped to obtain a sample. The sample is sent for microbial analysis in our lab. Once the offending agent is identified, appropriate therapy is instituted. Therapy may be in the form of antibiotics or antifungals if the infection can be controlled medically, or it may necessitate surgical intervention.
In early cases, the eye may assume near normal functioning after treatment. But in advanced cases, the damage is often irreversible and some loss of vision may occur, requiring more advanced management strategies to cope with this damage.
Corneal infection is a medical emergency. A delay in treatment can drastically affect final outcome. Some organisms are extremely virulent and can cause significant damage in a matter of a few hours. Emergency treatment is recommended without any delay.
Eye infection is a serious issue as the eye is a very delicate organ. Close follow up and very strict adherence to instructions by the doctor is mandatory. You will have to take care to prevent further injury to eye, to ensure cleanliness of the eye, and to ensure that the necessary medications are instilled in a timely and hygienic fashion.
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