CORNEA – CORNEAL INFECTIONS

Microbial keratitis is due to the proliferation of microorganisms and associated inflammation and tissue destruction within the corneal tissue. It is a potentially sight-threatening condition and frequently presents as an ocular emergency.

THE CAUSES

Corneal infections may be caused by:

  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Fungi
  • Parasites

SYMPTOMS

Corneal infections are an emergency. The symptoms, in general include:

  • Cloudy, foggy, filmy or blurry vision
  • Pain
  • Redness
  • Glare
  • Watering or pus like discharge
  • Visible white or yellow spot in the eye

TREATMENT

The cornea is first scraped to obtain a sample. The sample is sent for microbial analysis in our lab. Once the offending agent is identified, appropriate therapy is instituted. Therapy may be in the form of antibiotics or antifungals if the infection can be controlled medically, or it may necessitate surgical intervention.

EXPLORE FAQS

 

WILL MY EYE BECOME NORMAL AFTER TREATMENT?

In early cases, the eye may assume near normal functioning after treatment. But in advanced cases, the damage is often irreversible and some loss of vision may occur, requiring more advanced management strategies to cope with this damage.

SHOULD I WAIT FOR IT TO RESOLVE ON ITS OWN, OR TAKE A QUICK DECISION?

Corneal infection is a medical emergency. A delay in treatment can drastically affect final outcome. Some organisms are extremely virulent and can cause significant damage in a matter of a few hours. Emergency treatment is recommended without any delay.

WHAT PRECAUTIONS SHOULD I TAKE AFTER SURGERY??

Eye infection is a serious issue as the eye is a very delicate organ. Close follow up and very strict adherence to instructions by the doctor is mandatory. You will have to take care to prevent further injury to eye, to ensure cleanliness of the eye, and to ensure that the necessary medications are instilled in a timely and hygienic fashion.

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