The term “corneal dystrophy” typically refers to a group of inherited corneal diseases that are usually bilateral, symmetric, slowly progressive and not related to environmental or systemic factors.
The Cornea Clinic at Sankara is equipped with world class infrastructure and is overseen by an expert team of doctors and paramedical staff well versed with management of such complicated scenarios. We have world class Eye Banking system which is necessary for the management of these conditions. We offer treatment at all of our hospital locations listed below.
Corneal dystrophies are inherited dystrophies. They are often due to deposition of abnormal material in corneal tissue. They are not caused or exacerbated by any preventable environmental factor. Corneal dystrophies are of multiple types, and with various genetic associations. While they cannot be prevented, they can definitely be managed.
Generally Corneal Dystrophies occur slowly. Their symptoms, in general include:
Some corneal dystrophies do not require treatment until they are at an advanced stage. Since the cause of corneal dystrophy is genetic, it cannot be corrected. The only available option is corneal transplantation. Depending on the level at which the dystrophy affects the cornea, often a lamellar corneal surgery is an option. Lamellar corneal surgeries – that is surgeries where only the affected part of the cornea is replaced are far superior to full thickness surgeries, and are now gradually becoming the norm. But these surgeries are technically challenging – a challenge met with by our cornea team at Sankara which boasts of pioneering work in the field and expert world renowned surgeons.
Since, the cause of dystrophy is often genetic, there is no proven method of stopping them.
The commonly performed surgeries are full thickness corneal transplantation, Descemets Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty, Descemets membrane Stripping Automated Endothelial keratoplasty, Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty etc.
Yes. Sometimes, contact lenses may also be prescribed and necessary.
A keratoplasty is a major eye surgery requiring close follow up and very strict adherence to instructions by the doctor. You will need regular follow up, and will have to take a lot of care to prevent injury to eye, to ensure cleanliness of the eye, and to ensure that the necessary medications are instilled in a timely and hygienic fashion.
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